The effect of short-term meteorological disturbances on the submerged aquatic vegetation and associated fauna in the Patos Lagoon estuary, southern Brazil

a dataset

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53805/lads.v1i2.26

Keywords:

Benthic Fauna, Seagrass, Sandflat, Occluded Front, Sedimentary organic matter

Abstract

Occluded fronts are naturally cyclogenic areas that have been intensified by global warming. Studies evaluating the effects of occluded fronts in the submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) and its associated fauna in shallow estuarine areas may provide insights on the impacts of climate change-induced extreme weather events on coastal ecosystems functioning. The present dataset describes data on benthic fauna and flora in the Patos Lagoon Estuary (PLE), in southern Brazil, seasonally obtained during intense occluded fronts. Using a hierarchical sample design, based on Beyond BACI protocols (Before/After and Control/Impact), fauna and flora were sampled before and after four occluded fronts passage throughout 2019.Three habitats were sampled: SAV Meadow, SAV Edge and adjacent Sandflat. A total of 432 macrozoobenthic samples (216 samples for stratum); 216 samples for bellow and aboveground biomass, vegetation coverage, canopy height and marine macrophytes morphology; 144 samples by sedimentology and organic matter; 72 water column depth measurements; and 8 temperature and salinity measurements were collected during the study period. The data is available at the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), in Darwin Core standard format (DwC), organized according to the OBIS-ENV-DATA model, with CC-BY-NC-4-0 license for use. The present dataset adds to the comprehension of the temporal variability of estuarine benthic communities in subtropical systems, and how short-term meteorological process can affect zoo and fitobenthic communities in the context of climate changes.

References

AMARAL, A. C. Z.; RIZZO, A. E.; ARRUDA, E. P. Manual de identificação dos invertebrados marinhos da região sudeste-sul do Brasil. [s.l.] EdUSP, v. 1, 2006.

BUCKUP, L.; BOND-BUCKUP, G.; ARENZON, A. Os crustáceos do Rio Grande do Sul. Porto Alegre: Editora da Universidade, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 1999.

CALLIARI, L.; CUNHA, R. P. DA; ANTIQUEIRA, J. A. F. DE. Geomorfologia e Dinâmica Sedimentar. In: SEELIGER, U.; ODEBRECHT, C. (Eds.). . O estuário da Lagoa dos Patos: um século de transformações. 1. ed. Rio Grande: FURG, p. 31–43. 2010.

DAVIES, B. E. Loss-on-ignition as an estimate of soil organic matter. Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 38, n. 1, p. 150–151, jan. 1974.

DE POOTER, D. et al. Toward a new data standard for combined marine biological and environmental datasets - Expanding OBIS beyond species occurrences. Biodiversity Data Journal, v. 5, n. 1, 2017.

LANA, P. DA C. et al. Avaliação ambiental de estuários brasileiros: diretrizes metodológicas. serie livr ed. Rio de JAneiro: Museu Nacional, 2006.

LARKUM, A. W. D.; ORTH, R. J.; DUARTE, C. Seagrasses: Biology, Ecologyand Conservation. 1. ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006.

LAVERY, P.; KENDRICK, G. Assessing biomass, assemblage structure and productivity of algal epiphytes on seagrasses. 2001.

MCKENZIE, L. J.; CAMPBELL, S. J.; RODER, C. A. Seagrass-Watch: manual for mapping & monitoring seagrass resources by community (citizen) volunteers. 2. ed. Quensland: Seagrass-Watch: Manual for Mapping & Monitoring Seagrass Resources by Community (citizen) volunteers, 2003.

MOLLER, O. O. et al. The influence of local and non-local forcing effects on the subtidal circulation of Patos Lagoon. Estuaries, v. 24, n. 2, p. 297, 2001. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1352953.

RIOS, E. C. Seashells of Brazil. 2. ed. Rio Grande: Fundação Cidade do Rio Grande, Fundação Universidade do Rio Grande, Museu Oceanográfico, 1994.

SEELIGER, U.; ODEBRECHT, C. O Estuário da Lagoa dos Patos: um século de transformações. 1. ed. Rio Grande: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, 2010.

STECH, J. L.; LORENZZETTI, J. A. The Response of the South of Wintertime Brazil Bight to the Passage Cold Fronts. Journal Of Geophysical Research, v. 97, n. 6, p. 9507–9520, 1992. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/92JC00486.

SUGUIO, K. Introdução à sedimentologia. São Paulo: E. Blücher, 1973.

TURRA, A.; DENADAI, M. R. Protocolos para o monitoramento de habitats bentônicos costeiros - Rede de Monitoramento de Habitat Bentônicos Costeiros - ReBentos. [s.l.] Instituto Oceanográfico da Universidade de São Paulo, 2015.

UNDERWOOD, A. J. On Beyond Baci. In: SCHMITT, R. J.; OSENBERG, C. W. B. T.-D. E. I. (Eds.). Detecting Ecological Impacts. San Diego: Elsevier, 1996. p. 151–175.

Published

12-11-2021

How to Cite

MISTURINI, D.; LANARI, M.; LEMOS, V.; COLLING, L. A. The effect of short-term meteorological disturbances on the submerged aquatic vegetation and associated fauna in the Patos Lagoon estuary, southern Brazil: a dataset. Latin American Data in Science, [S. l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 63–71, 2021. DOI: 10.53805/lads.v1i2.26. Disponível em: https://ojs.datainscience.com.br/index.php/lads/article/view/26. Acesso em: 1 mar. 2024.